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Which country is the most developed, Rwanda, Kenya, Nigeria, or Angola?




As of August 2018, my ranking of the most developed would be as follows. Based on their GDP per capita (PPP) and HDI ranking in Africa. First ranking in GDP and 2nd ranking is HDI out of 55 African countries, which combines life expectancy, education & literacy rates, and GNI). Human Development Index (HDI

  1. Angola ( 18th and 15th)
  2. Nigeria ( 20th and 17th)
  3. Kenya ( 25th and 16th)
  4. Rwanda ( 36th and 25th)

Within the constraint of my definition, Angola comes first, Nigeria second, Kenya, third, and Rwanda, 4th.

Rwanda is a very small country and really cannot be compared with “oil rich” Nigeria or Angola. At least, not at the moment in 2018.

I am Rwandan, who is interested in business and entrepreneurship.

  • If I wanted to get rich quick, I will move to Nigeria and Angola. Oil rich countries and the power of access to many customers in one location.
  • If you are a large manufacturing company, you want to go to Nigeria. You have access to 200 million people. Sell 10% of your items to the customers, and make one dollar on each, and boom, you have got $20 million sitting in the bank. Quick and easy.
  • If I wanted to live in a very organized country with less hustle, rule of law, low levels of corruption, business friendly climate, and accountability from government institutions, I would go to Rwanda.

These 4 countries are very different in sizes, economies, etc. It is quite a challenge to compare them head to head. It actually cannot be done. Unless, you specify your definition of “ developed”. For now, I will focus on regular economic indicators, laid out by Economists at World Bank, IMF and similar institutions.

If you look at the GDP per capita (PPP) alone, You would say that Angola and Nigeria are the most developped. However, remember than Angola and Nigeria are oil rich countries. Their numbers are bumped up by the crude oil they produce and export to the rest of the world to get rich.

Unfortunately, the funds coming from those resources enrich a minority of business people and politicians. And not majority of their citizens. Lagos and Luanda are such a good example. The richest neighborhood in those countries will trick you to thinking that you are in Monaco or Switzerland.

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Therefore, in addition to GDP per capita, you have to include other economics metrics such HD( Human Development Index, literacy rates, access to healthcare and basic education ( 12 years of primary and secondary schools), life expactancy and happiness index).

Based on these other metrics, Angola and Nigeria goes straight to the bottom.

70% of Nigerians live under the poverty line. That’s 140 million people in one corrupted and unfonctional state [ According to Nigerians]. These are not my words. This is a ticking time bomb, waiting to explode soon or later. Add identity politics and tribalism into the mix, you have got yourself a deadly time bomb right here. Trust me! I am Rwandan. We have been there, done that. No bueno!

Poverty, tribalism, and identity politics is a recipe for a disaster. It sounds like another country I know too well before 1994. My home country, Rwanda. Nothing good comes out of this combination. It is bad & sad for business.

It is a cancer to any progress and the wellbeing of the nation. Angola is the same, but not as bad as Nigeria. If they don’t change, they will get there someday. By then, Nigeria is even going to be worse [ These are not my words, but Nigerians].

That leaves me with Kenya and Rwanda. Again, Kenya is the more developed than Rwanda. They have better and robust education sytem than Rwanda. However, Kenya’s Achilles hill is always “corruption”, mostly based on an Agrarian economy. Their government gets involved in every sector of their economy, which makes their industries really corrupt. Because of this, majority of Kenyans are not happy about their system of governance.

Nairobi, Kenya

Fellow Kenyans, your leaders need to read “ Free to Choose” by Nobel Prize Economist, Milton Friedman. Buy them many copies for their birthdays. Require them to read, discuss the book and summarize it for themselves in exchange for seeking re-election. It is the only way they can read it. Trust me! It might be your best bet.

Kenyan politicians ( members of parliament) are the highest paid in the world when you include $1,000 per day allowances for only food and water whenever they are outside of the country. Kenyans know that their country is rich but their resources is only enriching a few minority. Thus, they are not happy.

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By GDP per capita, Rwanda is the least developed of all. However, Rwandan’s system of government is much more efficient and forward thinking than the other countries. Least corrupted of all, and way more organized than others. In addition, given their history in 1994, Rwanda came from nothing and built their systems from scratch.

They have laid a solid foundation for their future. Think about it? They have managed to cut aid dependency from 86% of their national GDP in the year 2000 to about 17% in 2018. Meanwhile, they have doubled their GDP in their last 10 years and looks very unstoppable at the moment ( if they can ignore the noise from their Western so called partners).

Over 95% of Rwandans have access to affordable healthcare. If you are looking at Millenium development goals ( MDGs) and sustainable development goals ( SDGs), Rwanda is definitely “killing” it right now. Their government is focused, their people are motivated, excited and believe in their country’s ability to rise to the top. This excitement and the energy it generates cannot be underestimated.

In fact, measuring Rwanda’s happiness index, and trust in the government, Rwanda comes way ahead than the other three countries. However, they have a long way to go to compare themselves with Nigeria and Angola.

Rwanda is a landlocked country and does not have any natural resources. The other countries are rich in natural resources and touches the sea. They have a competitive advantage, given their location and abundant resources.

Rwanda is only relying on their people to move forward, in unity and peace, safety and security, hope and excitement, steady economic growth for another 30 years or so.

Only then, Rwanda can come close to comparing themselves with Nigeria and Angola. By 2030, I believe Rwanda might be ahead of Kenya in terms of overall quality of life and wellbeing per capita basis. In 2050, Rwanda might be head to head per capita basis with Nigeria and Angola.

Kigali Master Plan 2040

By Didier Champion, Personal Development & Finance Coaching

Culled from:


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Force Provost Marshal Sacks Officers From Barracks




The Force Provost Marshal has sacked Police officers living in Traffic Training School Barracks, Ikeja, Lagos.

This follows a memo dated February 24, 2020, asking them to evacuate in about a month’s time.

Police officers and their families risk homelessness as they have been ordered to evacuate the barracks

The memo issued by the Force Provost Marshal and signed by an Assistant Commissioner of Police, Ajewole Adebayo stated that they will be forcefully evicted if they do not leave on March 31.

“You are by this letter directed to quit the Staff Quarters and Hostels of the Traffic Training School, Ikeja –an advance Traffic wing of Police College, Ikeja, not later than March 31, 2020.

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“You should note that your staying on the premises is illegal. If you fail to vacate the premises before the said date, you will be forcibly ejected and further disciplinary action will follow,” the momo read.


Meanwhile, affected officers have revealed that the apartments were duly allocated to them contrary to the provost’s claim.

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According to them, they were not given genuine reasons for the imminent ejection. The situation is set to

render the officers and their families homeless, as they have revealed that they have nowhere to go with their families in such a short time.

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Lagos State Governor Mr. Babajide Sanwo-Olu has congratulated the National Leader of the All Progressives Congress, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu on his 68th birthday.

Sanwo-Olu in a message signed by his Chief Press Secretary, Mr. Gboyega Akosile, described the former governor of Lagos State as, a pathfinder, a visionary leader and rare mentor, who has contributed in no small measure to the socio-political and economic development of Lagos and Nigeria as a whole.

In his word, Governor Sanwo-Olu said, ‘‘what do you say about a man of many parts on the occasion of his birthday? A visionary, a leader, with exceptional abilities in different areas of human endeavours. Indeed his achievements are almost impossible to capture in a single book, not to say in  a mere statement.

‘‘Asiwaju as pathfinder, navigated and charted the developmental course of modern Lagos, raised the bar of governance and public service in the State.’’

The statement further described Asiwaju as ‘‘welfarist, a cheerful giver and an epitome of humility and humanity.

‘‘Asiwaju’s strength lies in his firm belief in a united and indivisible Nigeria that is devoid of religious and ethnic bigotry. This has enabled him to provide the right leadership, made the right decision in the overall interest of the country most of  time.’’

Describing the Jagarban Borgu as an astute politician, Sanwo-Olu said, ‘‘it is no news to the world that the story of Nigeria’s democracy today would be told without Asiwaju’s name boldly written in gold.’’

He wished Nigeria’s political leader a birthday full of joy, even as the country and the rest of the world battle the ravaging COVID-19.

He said: ‘‘as you march on to higher pedestal in life, may the Amighty go with you every step of the way and support you to accomplish more in the service of humanity’’.

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…Governor Signs Infectious Diseases Regulation 2020 Into Law To Legalise Restrictions

Lagos State Government, on Friday, opened 50 neighbourhood food markets across the State to serve as makeshift groceries for residents to buy food items, as confirmed cases of Coronavirus (COVID-19) increases the chance of possible stringent measures.

Governor Babajide Sanwo-Olu, in a briefing on Friday, disclosed that the initiative was necessary, hinting that the State Government may take “tougher decisions” if the confirmed cases of coronavirus surpass the threshold set by the State.

Sanwo-Olu said that there had been a “strange trend” recorded by the State in its response to the viral epidemic, hinting that some of the new infections showed Lagos may be entering a phase of community transmission of the disease.

The establishment of the neighbourhood food markets was a follow-up to the creation of 10 food banks strategically positioned across the State, which is targeted at feeding over 200,000 vulnerable households that earn daily wage to feed.

He said: “We have started to see a trend that suggests we may be entering the phase of community transmission of the disease. I’m response to this, we are formally launching our Neighborhood Markets scheme. We have 50 large public-school premises across the State that can accommodate temporary open markets where we will have essential food items and household items available for sale at affordable rates.

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“These Neighborhood Markets will operate every two days, and will help achieve a number of goals that are all in line with the guidelines of the health authorities. The markets will reduce journey times for the residents. By extension, it reduce the time people will spend in public and will also help to maintain social distancing requirements.”

The Governor also signed the Lagos State Infectious Diseases Regulation 2020 into law to give legal backing to the ongoing enforcement of restrictive measures being taken by the State Government to contain the spread of the virus.

The regulation, Sanwo-Olu said, prescribes stringent penalties to defaulters of directives and guidelines issued by the Government to stop community transmission of COVID-19.

As cases of COVID-19 surges, Sanwo-Olu said he would not rule out possible lockdown of the State in the coming days, urging the residents to brace for tougher measures. The Governor, however, said the treatment and management of the confirmed cases at Infectious Disease Hospital (IDH) had not overwhelmed the State.


Going by the nature of spread of the virus in other countries, the Governor said every human was at risk of contracting the disease, stressing that the response strategy to defeat the pandemic required collective effort and cooperation of residents.

“I have said again and again that this fight is a collective one; we are all in it together,” he said.

Sanwo-Olu praised President Muhammadu Buhari for his leadership and support of the effort by Lagos Government to stop the epidemic. He said the release of N10 billion grant to the State was a recognition of Lagos as epicentre of COVID-19 pandemic in the country.

He also appreciated the contributions of members of the organised private sector that supported the State’s effort by donation of cash, medical equipment and building of isolation centres.

The Governor said efforts were ongoing to halt community transmission, revealing that agents of the Government had already started state-wide fumigation. This, he said, would be followed up by mass sensitisation and advocacy to disseminate information to residents at the grassroots.

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